Arthritis Pain Management: A Comprehensive Guide (Part Two)

Arthritis is a common and painful condition that affects millions of people around the world. Since there is no cure for arthritis, pain management is an important factor for those living with it.

Arthritis causes inflammation and stiffness in the joints, which can lead to pain and reduced mobility. Arthritis can affect any joint in the body, but it is most common in the hands, knees, hips, and spine

In Part One of our comprehensive guide of Arthritis Pain Management, we discussed using medication and exercise as methods to combat and control arthritis pain. In Part Two, we’re exploring supplements you can take.

Not all supplements are safe or effective for arthritis, and some may interact with other medications or cause side effects. Therefore, it is important to ask your doctor before taking any supplements for arthritis.

That said, let’s get to it! Here’s a review of some of the most popular and researched supplements that may help with arthritis pain management.


Glucosamine and chondroitin

Glucosamine and chondroitin are natural substances found in the cartilage that cushions the joints. Supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin may help repair damaged cartilage and reduce joint pain and stiffness.

Popular brands
  • Cidaflex
  • Cosamin DS
  • Glucoten
  • OptiFlex Complete
  • Osteo Bi-Flex
Recommended dose

1500 mg of glucosamine and 1200 mg of chondroitin per day, divided into two or three doses.

Possible Side Effects
  • nausea, diarrhea, constipation
  • stomach pain, gas, bloating
  • heartburn
  • hair loss
  • puffy eyelids
Drug interactions
  • Blood thinners
  • Diabetes medications

Some studies have shown that taking glucosamine and chondroitin together may have a modest effect on osteoarthritis pain, especially in the knee. However, other studies have found no benefit or mixed results.


Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3s are essential fats that have anti-inflammatory properties and may help reduce joint swelling and pain in rheumatoid arthritis. They may also improve cardiovascular health and lower the risk of heart disease.

Where they’re found
  • walnuts
  • chia seeds
  • fish oil
  • flaxseed oil
  • cod liver oil
  • fatty fish
  • oysters
  • algae
Recommended dose

2 to 3 grams of omega-3 fatty acids per day, preferably from fish oil capsules.

Possible Side Effects
  • burping
  • fishy taste
  • stomach upset
Drug interactions
  • Blood thinners
  • Blood pressure medications



Turmeric is a spice that contains a compound called curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It may help reduce joint pain and stiffness in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Where it’s found
  • Commonly used in Indian and Middle Eastern cooking
  • chocolate clusters
  • crackers
  • some tea and juice blends
Recommended dose

500 to 1000 mg of turmeric extract or curcumin per day, divided into two or three doses.

Possible Side Effects
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • allergic reactions
Drug interactions
  • Blood thinners
  • Stomach acid reducers

Some studies have shown that taking turmeric extract or curcumin capsules may have a similar effect as ibuprofen or diclofenac in reducing osteoarthritis pain. However, more research is needed to confirm the safety and efficacy of turmeric for arthritis.


Vitamin D

Where It’s Found

Vitamin D is everywhere, it’s awesome, and you likely need more of it in your diet. It can boost your immune system, help with your blood pressure, and more.

Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and maintain bone health. It may also have anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating effects that may benefit people with rheumatoid arthritis.

People with low levels of vitamin D have an increased risk of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, taking vitamin D supplements may help prevent or treat these conditions.

Recommended Dose

600 to 800 IU of vitamin D per day for adults, depending on age and sun exposure.

Speaking of: now that summer’s poking it’s head out, sun exposure is a vital topic due for a refresher, so check out our overview of UV Rays and our Sunbathing Safety Guide.

Possible Side Effects
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • constipation
Drug Interactions
  • Steroids
  • Anticonvulsants

Another Important Note: While these supplements may help with arthritis pain management, they are not a substitute for proper medical care and lifestyle changes such as exercise, weight loss, physical therapy, and medication. Once again: always consult with your doctor before starting any supplement regimen for arthritis!

If you have questions about supplements you may already be taking or some you’re considering, you can always reach out to a PHMP Health Coach by calling 1-855-498-4643 or emailing us at

  • Kati
    Posted at 21:02h, 29 May


  • Kanelle McMath
    Posted at 15:47h, 29 May


  • Lauren Hahn
    Posted at 07:34h, 29 May

    Very informative

    Posted at 06:42h, 27 May

    Thanks for the information.

  • DEBRA Allen
    Posted at 06:26h, 26 May

    Very informative

  • Teresa George
    Posted at 13:14h, 25 May

    Good stuff

  • Bonita Marsh
    Posted at 23:26h, 24 May

    Thanks for the info

  • Crystal Shelby
    Posted at 22:34h, 24 May

    Great read

  • Andrea M Rachels
    Posted at 10:29h, 24 May


  • Felipe Torres
    Posted at 05:16h, 24 May

    Good information

  • Margaret Hamlin
    Posted at 18:37h, 23 May

    Helpful information.

  • Deborah Beaty
    Posted at 16:31h, 23 May

    Good info

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