Testicular Cancer: Risk Factors, Symptoms, and Diagnosis - The Proactive Health Management Plan
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Testicular Cancer: Risk Factors, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

April is testicular cancer awareness month! Join us as we explore a variety of issues on this important health topic.

What is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a cancer that originates in one or both testicles, or testes, which are responsible for producing sperm and the hormone testosterone.

Testicular cancer most often begins with changes in the cells in one’s testicles that produce sperm, called germ cells. Germ cell tumors account for more than 90 percent of testicular cancers.

There are two main types of germ cell tumors:

  • Seminomas are testicular cancers that grow slowly. They’re usually confined to the testes, but lymph nodes may also be involved.
  • Nonseminomas are the more common form of testicular cancer. This type is faster growing and may spread to other parts of the body.

Testicular cancer can also occur in the tissues that produce hormones. These tumors are called gonadal stromal tumors.

Testicular cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men ages 15 to 35, but it can occur at any age. It’s also one of the most treatable cancers, even if it’s spread to other areas.

According to the American Cancer Society, for those with testicular cancer in early stages, the five-year survival rate is greater than 95 percent.

Risk factors for testicular cancer

Some risk factors that can increase one’s risk of developing testicular cancer include:

  • A family history of the disease
  • Abnormal testicular development
  • Being of Caucasian descent
  • Having an undescended testicle, which is called cryptorchidism

Symptoms of testicular cancer

Some men show no symptoms when diagnosed with testicular cancer. When symptoms do appear, they can include:

  • Testicular pain or discomfort
  • Testicular swelling
  • Lower abdominal or back pain
  • Enlargement of breast tissue

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.

How is testicular cancer diagnosed?

The tests a doctor may use to diagnose testicular cancer include:

  • A physical exam, which can reveal any testicular abnormalities, such as lumps or swelling
  • An ultrasound to examine the internal structure of the testicles
  • Blood tests—called tumor marker tests—which may show elevated levels of substances related to testicular cancer, like alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin

If your doctor suspects cancer, your entire testicle may need to be removed to obtain a tissue sample. This can’t be done when your testicle is still in the scrotum because doing so can cause cancer to spread through the scrotum.

Once the diagnosis has been made, tests such as pelvic and abdominal CT scans will be done to see if the cancer has spread anywhere else. This is called staging.

Treating testicular cancer

There are three general categories of treatments used for testicular cancer. Depending on the stage of your cancer, you may be treated with one or more options.

Surgery

Surgery is used to remove one or both of your testicles and some surrounding lymph nodes to both stage and treat cancer.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It may be administered externally or internally.

External radiation uses a machine that aims the radiation at the cancerous area. Internal radiation involves the use of radioactive seeds or wires placed into the affected area. This form is often successful in treating seminomas.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses medication to kill cancer cells. It’s a systemic treatment, which means it can kill cancer cells that have traveled to other parts of your body. When it’s taken orally or through the veins, it can travel through your bloodstream to kill cancer cells.

In very advanced cases of testicular cancer, high-dose chemotherapy may be followed by a stem cell transplant. Once the chemotherapy has destroyed the cancer cells, the stem cells are administered and develop into healthy blood cells.

Complications of testicular cancer

Though testicular cancer is a highly treatable cancer, it can still spread to other parts of your body. If one or both testicles are removed, your fertility may also be affected. Before treatment begins, ask your doctor about your options for preserving your fertility.

The above article is courtesy of My EZ Health Guide and is intended for informational purposes only.

147 Comments
  • Aaryn Crosby
    Posted at 14:28h, 09 April Reply

    Ty

  • TRISH BOWMAN
    Posted at 14:32h, 09 April Reply

    TY.

  • Jeff Chadwick
    Posted at 14:34h, 09 April Reply

    Super important to check.

  • Hind
    Posted at 14:37h, 09 April Reply

    Good info

  • Glenn
    Posted at 14:37h, 09 April Reply

    Great

  • Gisell Diaz-Alita
    Posted at 14:39h, 09 April Reply

    Cancer is no joke K have lost so many loved ones because of this… thanks for the info!

  • Nestor Konditamde
    Posted at 14:40h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the info. Good to know

  • Spiridwnas kouvaras
    Posted at 14:41h, 09 April Reply

    Hello,

    Thank you for the information!
    A few questions:
    1) Does any of the treatment methods result in sterility? Beside the removal option, which is self explanatory..
    2) How does the undescendant testicle increase chances of getting testicular cancer?
    3) Family history of the disease. Does that include testicular cancer specifically or is it more general?

    Thank you,

  • Shannon Purdy
    Posted at 14:45h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you this info, I appreciate the information you share. It is always useful

  • John w
    Posted at 14:47h, 09 April Reply

    Theses articles are very informative

  • Lisa Bennett
    Posted at 14:55h, 09 April Reply

    Ty

  • Steven Mendoza
    Posted at 14:57h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you!

  • Brett Shortell
    Posted at 14:58h, 09 April Reply

    Great information

  • Heather Hamilton
    Posted at 14:59h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the info

  • Brenda L Nicholson
    Posted at 15:01h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you for sharing all information might be helpful down the road never know when i might run into situation where i might be able to share valuable information

  • Lula M Scott
    Posted at 15:01h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you for this information. I can pass it along to my family. We have lost a lot of family members to different forms of cancer. And have been blessed to have some survived.

  • Erin Colley
    Posted at 15:01h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you!

  • Patricia Corbin
    Posted at 15:05h, 09 April Reply

    Good information

  • Tiffany Cell
    Posted at 15:06h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the info.

  • Lawrence Michael Garcia
    Posted at 15:11h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you for this information. Good read

  • Hunter G
    Posted at 15:13h, 09 April Reply

    Great Information. Thank you!

  • Roger Moore
    Posted at 15:17h, 09 April Reply

    Very pro active could help alot.

  • Brandy Chandler
    Posted at 15:18h, 09 April Reply

    Thank You for the informative article

  • ANGEL SIMS
    Posted at 15:18h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for sharing. Are there things one can do to avoid this testicular cancer?

  • LISA CARABALLO
    Posted at 15:23h, 09 April Reply

    Informative. Thank you

  • Michael Tod jones
    Posted at 15:23h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you

  • Marla Cantway
    Posted at 15:24h, 09 April Reply

    Great article

  • Samantha Rowell
    Posted at 15:25h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the informative artivlcle. This runs in my family, and this has been a major concern for me when I have children. If on down the line my son can catch it early that’d be bestm

  • Kim Hetrick
    Posted at 15:28h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the info.

  • Angela Lloyd
    Posted at 15:32h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you!

  • Rohan sajood ahmed
    Posted at 15:36h, 09 April Reply

    Good info

  • Laurie Lierman
    Posted at 15:39h, 09 April Reply

    Good article on a not so popular topic.

  • John w
    Posted at 15:40h, 09 April Reply

    I love these articles….Very informative

  • Serena Phillips
    Posted at 15:41h, 09 April Reply

    Interesting read

  • Debbie Jordan
    Posted at 15:41h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you

  • Sandra Vicks
    Posted at 15:44h, 09 April Reply

    Have to visit your doctor on a regular basis.
    And learn your family history.

  • Dani Kelley
    Posted at 15:44h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the information.

  • Gil
    Posted at 15:46h, 09 April Reply

    A very informing piece of information. Thank you.

  • Rickey Harris
    Posted at 15:48h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks,all of this information has been very helpful to me.

  • Sherri Moscrop
    Posted at 15:50h, 09 April Reply

    Good info

  • Joseph Christ
    Posted at 15:50h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks

  • Candice Thomas
    Posted at 15:56h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you for this information!

  • Luc Cleyman
    Posted at 15:57h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you for this post. It is important to get checked regularly.

  • Dustin Walker
    Posted at 16:02h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks

  • APC
    Posted at 16:02h, 09 April Reply

    Interesting article, however, no mention of steps for prevention….

  • Tracy Hedl
    Posted at 16:18h, 09 April Reply

    Ty

  • Harold Little
    Posted at 16:23h, 09 April Reply

    This post is very close to me. In September of 2005, I dealt with testicular cancer. Fortunately, because of performing self exams, it was caught very early and I was able to beat it. I have since been an advocate for men in the most commonly afflicated age group to perform the exams. I still conduct the exams and have even started sharing the information with my son.

  • Luann
    Posted at 16:25h, 09 April Reply

    Informative

  • Artavius Harden
    Posted at 16:27h, 09 April Reply

    Great information.
    Thanks.

  • Gary Burke
    Posted at 16:33h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks

  • Bernadette Kniffin
    Posted at 16:34h, 09 April Reply

    Very interesting facts♡

  • Kalor Riley
    Posted at 16:36h, 09 April Reply

    Wow!! Good information

  • Scott
    Posted at 16:39h, 09 April Reply

    Solid info

  • Ben H Poitevint
    Posted at 16:43h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks

  • Jennifer Heim
    Posted at 16:45h, 09 April Reply

    Good to Know!

  • Rachelle Gizinski
    Posted at 16:58h, 09 April Reply

    Thank You for the information

  • Donna Taliaferro
    Posted at 17:01h, 09 April Reply

    Information is good

  • Charles Higgins
    Posted at 17:04h, 09 April Reply

    I have a member of my family that has cancer so this was very helpful

  • Jackie
    Posted at 17:12h, 09 April Reply

    Very informative

  • Lauren Bako
    Posted at 17:18h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you.

  • Jim Vogel
    Posted at 17:28h, 09 April Reply

    Always good to know the symptoms common to thus type of cancer. Self examination and awareness is always the first line of defense. Also good to know that the survival rate is extremely high.

  • Brooke R
    Posted at 17:29h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you

  • Anthony Carl hudson
    Posted at 17:45h, 09 April Reply

    Always good to know about cancers
    That I never want to have.

  • Ramiro Samayoa
    Posted at 17:58h, 09 April Reply

    Good article

  • TIFFANY
    Posted at 18:02h, 09 April Reply

    Good info

  • Mable Freeman
    Posted at 18:12h, 09 April Reply

    Ty

  • Donnie Thomas
    Posted at 18:15h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you

  • michelle thompson
    Posted at 18:16h, 09 April Reply

    thank you

  • Michelle Grant
    Posted at 18:29h, 09 April Reply

    Cool

  • Alexander Broderick
    Posted at 18:48h, 09 April Reply

    Makes me think that i should be tested just to be on the safe side. (Decent article)

  • Danny LaFountain
    Posted at 18:57h, 09 April Reply

    Read as plan requires

  • Freda Hunt
    Posted at 18:58h, 09 April Reply

    Great article, you learn something new everyday. Thank you

  • Pam White
    Posted at 19:23h, 09 April Reply

    Great info. Thanks.

  • Desmond Williams
    Posted at 19:30h, 09 April Reply

    Ty

  • Wade Allen
    Posted at 19:37h, 09 April Reply

    Great article

  • David Murray
    Posted at 19:45h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the information.

  • finis creer
    Posted at 19:54h, 09 April Reply

    My Father is dealing with this issues right now , Thanks for the information

  • Karen Brewer
    Posted at 19:55h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the information- important to know with two sons.

  • Shellyanne Rushdan
    Posted at 20:14h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks!

  • Ellen Shubert
    Posted at 20:24h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you

  • Kelly Pitts
    Posted at 20:27h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you for the information. I’ve been trying to get my husband to go and get checked. After reading this he says he will.. Thank you again.

  • Tobyking
    Posted at 20:39h, 09 April Reply

    Another great article. Really appreciate the information you share Ty

  • E.C. King lll
    Posted at 20:42h, 09 April Reply

    Great article. Really appreciate the information you share. Ty

  • Carlyle remy
    Posted at 20:55h, 09 April Reply

    K good to know

  • Helen Dalrymple
    Posted at 21:02h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for the info

  • VALENTINA WASHINGTON
    Posted at 21:49h, 09 April Reply

    Good information

  • Steve plum
    Posted at 21:52h, 09 April Reply

    Informative

  • Melinda DeBerry
    Posted at 22:32h, 09 April Reply

    Thank you for the information

  • Yvonne Lees
    Posted at 23:00h, 09 April Reply

    Interestng

  • Mitchell Macarthur
    Posted at 23:03h, 09 April Reply

    Ty

  • Brian Bailey
    Posted at 23:22h, 09 April Reply

    Good information here. Is there a self exam technique to use to monitor for this ?

  • Sedrick King
    Posted at 23:25h, 09 April Reply

    Great information

  • Patricia Boyd
    Posted at 23:30h, 09 April Reply

    Good education

  • Neelu Bahel
    Posted at 23:47h, 09 April Reply

    Good to know. Thank you

  • Jonathan Upholz
    Posted at 23:48h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks

  • Victoria
    Posted at 00:14h, 10 April Reply

    thanks

  • Tiffany Holbrooks
    Posted at 01:31h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you for sharing this information. It’s good to always know about stuff like this, because you never know what could or will happen down the road.

  • Howie Thompson
    Posted at 02:20h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you for the information.

  • Andria Airhart
    Posted at 02:40h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you for the info!

  • Shelby York
    Posted at 02:50h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you for this very important info !

  • Kris Mendez
    Posted at 04:28h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you

  • John Swanson
    Posted at 06:28h, 10 April Reply

    Good info

  • Jim Cosby
    Posted at 09:30h, 10 April Reply

    Very interesting.

  • Christopher L Barlow
    Posted at 10:46h, 10 April Reply

    Good info

  • Alphonso Clark
    Posted at 12:49h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you, knowledge is power

  • Rohan Campbell
    Posted at 13:11h, 10 April Reply

    Cool

  • Kevin Klaine
    Posted at 13:48h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you for this information, very helpful

  • Rose Mary Goins
    Posted at 13:59h, 10 April Reply

    Good article.

  • Tracy sherrill
    Posted at 14:04h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you fore the information

  • Sharon Denny
    Posted at 14:17h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you for sharing such valuable information!

  • Kerrie Bates
    Posted at 14:36h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you.

  • Alvin shaul
    Posted at 14:55h, 10 April Reply

    Ty

  • Leila Cordingley
    Posted at 16:10h, 10 April Reply

    Thanks for the information.

  • Jan Gilliland
    Posted at 16:24h, 10 April Reply

    Thank you!

  • ROBERT PRIEBE
    Posted at 16:42h, 10 April Reply

    THANKS FOR THE INFO

  • Mayra Echeverria
    Posted at 17:29h, 10 April Reply

    thanks for the info

  • Cynthia Rolik
    Posted at 17:45h, 10 April Reply

    Interesting article

  • Elisabeth Beinecke
    Posted at 17:55h, 10 April Reply

    Great Read! Thank you for the information

  • Keith Osborne
    Posted at 18:53h, 10 April Reply

    Thanks for the info

  • Scott Wygant
    Posted at 20:24h, 10 April Reply

    Good article and procedures.

  • Jennifer
    Posted at 20:37h, 10 April Reply

    Interesting read.

  • terry king
    Posted at 21:59h, 10 April Reply

    Very informative

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    Posted at 22:01h, 10 April Reply

    great info. very serious stuff

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    Posted at 23:21h, 10 April Reply

    Good information

  • TONI BULLITT
    Posted at 00:30h, 11 April Reply

    SHALOM ALL OF THE CREATOR CHILDREN ACCEPT IT OR NOT, THIS IS VERY INFORMATIVE INFO FOR ALL OF US. EVEN THOUGH ITS FOCUS IS FOR OUR YOUNG & ADULT MEN, WE WOMEN NEED TO KNOW HOW TO CARE FOR THEM & THAT IT IS ONE OF THE EASIER TO CURE CANCERS IN THE WORLD. IF ANYONE IS INTERESTED CHECK OUT HOT COCOANUT WATER. I READ IT CAN DEACTIVATE FREE RADICALS THAT CAN HINDER HEALTHY CELLS, HAS ANTI TUMORAL PROPERTIES & MORE. ONE LOVE THANK YOU

  • Amanda McCord
    Posted at 02:58h, 11 April Reply

    Thank you I. Can have my husband read this

  • steve plum
    Posted at 17:36h, 11 April Reply

    very informative

  • Larry Jackson
    Posted at 22:56h, 11 April Reply

    Thank you for this info

  • Jashelyn Alexander
    Posted at 12:46h, 12 April Reply

    Very informative

  • James Hoit
    Posted at 15:31h, 12 April Reply

    This has truly scared me. I used to hate when the doctor did his check, but now I look forward to it.

  • Daisy
    Posted at 20:17h, 14 April Reply

    Thank you for this information.

  • Kim Laible
    Posted at 21:25h, 14 April Reply

    Important info to know ThankYou

  • Jennifer Dvorshock
    Posted at 12:52h, 15 April Reply

    Thank you

  • Henry Hina
    Posted at 15:04h, 15 April Reply

    Thank you for an informative synopsis on this important subject.

  • Pam Wells
    Posted at 18:24h, 15 April Reply

    Very helpful Information

  • Jim Cosby
    Posted at 10:03h, 16 April Reply

    Thanks

  • Charles Calloway
    Posted at 12:42h, 16 April Reply

    ThankYou

  • Cheryl Grose
    Posted at 14:09h, 16 April Reply

    Good information

  • David Morris
    Posted at 00:34h, 18 April Reply

    Good information on testicular cancer.

  • Irene Durr
    Posted at 19:14h, 18 April Reply

    Good information

  • Irene Durr
    Posted at 19:15h, 18 April Reply

    Important information for men

  • Ethel Searles
    Posted at 16:26h, 24 April Reply

    Thanks for the valuable information.

  • Kristin Meschke
    Posted at 02:34h, 26 April Reply

    Good info!

  • Edwin Claunch
    Posted at 16:05h, 02 May Reply

    Valuable information

  • Jeff Chadwick
    Posted at 23:05h, 07 May Reply

    Thanks for the info

  • Elizabeth Fogleman
    Posted at 20:06h, 09 May Reply

    Good information on what to watch for and what are risk factors.

  • Yvonne G
    Posted at 22:52h, 18 May Reply

    Good info

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