Testicular Cancer: Risk Factors, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

April is testicular cancer awareness month! Join us as we explore a variety of issues on this important health topic.

What is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a cancer that originates in one or both testicles, or testes, which are responsible for producing sperm and the hormone testosterone.

Testicular cancer most often begins with changes in the cells in one’s testicles that produce sperm, called germ cells. Germ cell tumors account for more than 90 percent of testicular cancers.

There are two main types of germ cell tumors:

  • Seminomas are testicular cancers that grow slowly. They’re usually confined to the testes, but lymph nodes may also be involved.
  • Nonseminomas are the more common form of testicular cancer. This type is faster growing and may spread to other parts of the body.

Testicular cancer can also occur in the tissues that produce hormones. These tumors are called gonadal stromal tumors.

Testicular cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men ages 15 to 35, but it can occur at any age. It’s also one of the most treatable cancers, even if it’s spread to other areas.

According to the American Cancer Society, for those with testicular cancer in early stages, the five-year survival rate is greater than 95 percent.

Risk factors for testicular cancer

Some risk factors that can increase one’s risk of developing testicular cancer include:

  • A family history of the disease
  • Abnormal testicular development
  • Being of Caucasian descent
  • Having an undescended testicle, which is called cryptorchidism

Symptoms of testicular cancer

Some men show no symptoms when diagnosed with testicular cancer. When symptoms do appear, they can include:

  • Testicular pain or discomfort
  • Testicular swelling
  • Lower abdominal or back pain
  • Enlargement of breast tissue

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.

How is testicular cancer diagnosed?

The tests a doctor may use to diagnose testicular cancer include:

  • A physical exam, which can reveal any testicular abnormalities, such as lumps or swelling
  • An ultrasound to examine the internal structure of the testicles
  • Blood tests—called tumor marker tests—which may show elevated levels of substances related to testicular cancer, like alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin

If your doctor suspects cancer, your entire testicle may need to be removed to obtain a tissue sample. This can’t be done when your testicle is still in the scrotum because doing so can cause cancer to spread through the scrotum.

Once the diagnosis has been made, tests such as pelvic and abdominal CT scans will be done to see if the cancer has spread anywhere else. This is called staging.

Treating testicular cancer

There are three general categories of treatments used for testicular cancer. Depending on the stage of your cancer, you may be treated with one or more options.


Surgery is used to remove one or both of your testicles and some surrounding lymph nodes to both stage and treat cancer.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It may be administered externally or internally.

External radiation uses a machine that aims the radiation at the cancerous area. Internal radiation involves the use of radioactive seeds or wires placed into the affected area. This form is often successful in treating seminomas.


Chemotherapy uses medication to kill cancer cells. It’s a systemic treatment, which means it can kill cancer cells that have traveled to other parts of your body. When it’s taken orally or through the veins, it can travel through your bloodstream to kill cancer cells.

In very advanced cases of testicular cancer, high-dose chemotherapy may be followed by a stem cell transplant. Once the chemotherapy has destroyed the cancer cells, the stem cells are administered and develop into healthy blood cells.

Complications of testicular cancer

Though testicular cancer is a highly treatable cancer, it can still spread to other parts of your body. If one or both testicles are removed, your fertility may also be affected. Before treatment begins, ask your doctor about your options for preserving your fertility.

The above article is courtesy of My EZ Health Guide and is intended for informational purposes only.

  • Wade Lannon Allen
    Posted at 19:19h, 20 June


  • Yvonne G
    Posted at 22:52h, 18 May

    Good info

  • Elizabeth Fogleman
    Posted at 20:06h, 09 May

    Good information on what to watch for and what are risk factors.

  • Jeff Chadwick
    Posted at 23:05h, 07 May

    Thanks for the info

  • Edwin Claunch
    Posted at 16:05h, 02 May

    Valuable information

  • Kristin Meschke
    Posted at 02:34h, 26 April

    Good info!

  • Ethel Searles
    Posted at 16:26h, 24 April

    Thanks for the valuable information.

  • Irene Durr
    Posted at 19:15h, 18 April

    Important information for men

  • Irene Durr
    Posted at 19:14h, 18 April

    Good information

  • David Morris
    Posted at 00:34h, 18 April

    Good information on testicular cancer.

  • Cheryl Grose
    Posted at 14:09h, 16 April

    Good information

  • Charles Calloway
    Posted at 12:42h, 16 April


  • Jim Cosby
    Posted at 10:03h, 16 April


  • Pam Wells
    Posted at 18:24h, 15 April

    Very helpful Information

  • Henry Hina
    Posted at 15:04h, 15 April

    Thank you for an informative synopsis on this important subject.

  • Jennifer Dvorshock
    Posted at 12:52h, 15 April

    Thank you

  • Kim Laible
    Posted at 21:25h, 14 April

    Important info to know ThankYou

  • Daisy
    Posted at 20:17h, 14 April

    Thank you for this information.

  • James Hoit
    Posted at 15:31h, 12 April

    This has truly scared me. I used to hate when the doctor did his check, but now I look forward to it.

  • Jashelyn Alexander
    Posted at 12:46h, 12 April

    Very informative

  • Larry Jackson
    Posted at 22:56h, 11 April

    Thank you for this info

  • steve plum
    Posted at 17:36h, 11 April

    very informative

  • Amanda McCord
    Posted at 02:58h, 11 April

    Thank you I. Can have my husband read this

    Posted at 00:30h, 11 April


  • Debra Bateson
    Posted at 23:21h, 10 April

    Good information

  • carmen roe
    Posted at 22:01h, 10 April

    great info. very serious stuff

  • terry king
    Posted at 21:59h, 10 April

    Very informative

  • Jennifer
    Posted at 20:37h, 10 April

    Interesting read.

  • Scott Wygant
    Posted at 20:24h, 10 April

    Good article and procedures.

  • Keith Osborne
    Posted at 18:53h, 10 April

    Thanks for the info

  • Elisabeth Beinecke
    Posted at 17:55h, 10 April

    Great Read! Thank you for the information

  • Cynthia Rolik
    Posted at 17:45h, 10 April

    Interesting article

  • Mayra Echeverria
    Posted at 17:29h, 10 April

    thanks for the info

    Posted at 16:42h, 10 April


  • Jan Gilliland
    Posted at 16:24h, 10 April

    Thank you!

  • Leila Cordingley
    Posted at 16:10h, 10 April

    Thanks for the information.

  • Alvin shaul
    Posted at 14:55h, 10 April


  • Kerrie Bates
    Posted at 14:36h, 10 April

    Thank you.

  • Sharon Denny
    Posted at 14:17h, 10 April

    Thank you for sharing such valuable information!

  • Tracy sherrill
    Posted at 14:04h, 10 April

    Thank you fore the information

  • Rose Mary Goins
    Posted at 13:59h, 10 April

    Good article.

  • Kevin Klaine
    Posted at 13:48h, 10 April

    Thank you for this information, very helpful

  • Rohan Campbell
    Posted at 13:11h, 10 April


  • Alphonso Clark
    Posted at 12:49h, 10 April

    Thank you, knowledge is power

  • Christopher L Barlow
    Posted at 10:46h, 10 April

    Good info

  • Jim Cosby
    Posted at 09:30h, 10 April

    Very interesting.

  • John Swanson
    Posted at 06:28h, 10 April

    Good info

  • Kris Mendez
    Posted at 04:28h, 10 April

    Thank you

  • Shelby York
    Posted at 02:50h, 10 April

    Thank you for this very important info !

  • Andria Airhart
    Posted at 02:40h, 10 April

    Thank you for the info!

  • Howie Thompson
    Posted at 02:20h, 10 April

    Thank you for the information.

  • Tiffany Holbrooks
    Posted at 01:31h, 10 April

    Thank you for sharing this information. It’s good to always know about stuff like this, because you never know what could or will happen down the road.

  • Victoria
    Posted at 00:14h, 10 April


  • Jonathan Upholz
    Posted at 23:48h, 09 April


  • Neelu Bahel
    Posted at 23:47h, 09 April

    Good to know. Thank you

  • Patricia Boyd
    Posted at 23:30h, 09 April

    Good education

  • Sedrick King
    Posted at 23:25h, 09 April

    Great information

  • Brian Bailey
    Posted at 23:22h, 09 April

    Good information here. Is there a self exam technique to use to monitor for this ?

  • Mitchell Macarthur
    Posted at 23:03h, 09 April


  • Yvonne Lees
    Posted at 23:00h, 09 April


  • Melinda DeBerry
    Posted at 22:32h, 09 April

    Thank you for the information

  • Steve plum
    Posted at 21:52h, 09 April


    Posted at 21:49h, 09 April

    Good information

  • Helen Dalrymple
    Posted at 21:02h, 09 April

    Thanks for the info

  • Carlyle remy
    Posted at 20:55h, 09 April

    K good to know

  • E.C. King lll
    Posted at 20:42h, 09 April

    Great article. Really appreciate the information you share. Ty

  • Tobyking
    Posted at 20:39h, 09 April

    Another great article. Really appreciate the information you share Ty

  • Kelly Pitts
    Posted at 20:27h, 09 April

    Thank you for the information. I’ve been trying to get my husband to go and get checked. After reading this he says he will.. Thank you again.

  • Ellen Shubert
    Posted at 20:24h, 09 April

    Thank you

  • Shellyanne Rushdan
    Posted at 20:14h, 09 April


  • Karen Brewer
    Posted at 19:55h, 09 April

    Thanks for the information- important to know with two sons.

  • finis creer
    Posted at 19:54h, 09 April

    My Father is dealing with this issues right now , Thanks for the information

  • David Murray
    Posted at 19:45h, 09 April

    Thanks for the information.

  • Wade Allen
    Posted at 19:37h, 09 April

    Great article

  • Desmond Williams
    Posted at 19:30h, 09 April


  • Pam White
    Posted at 19:23h, 09 April

    Great info. Thanks.

  • Freda Hunt
    Posted at 18:58h, 09 April

    Great article, you learn something new everyday. Thank you

  • Danny LaFountain
    Posted at 18:57h, 09 April

    Read as plan requires

  • Alexander Broderick
    Posted at 18:48h, 09 April

    Makes me think that i should be tested just to be on the safe side. (Decent article)

  • Michelle Grant
    Posted at 18:29h, 09 April


  • michelle thompson
    Posted at 18:16h, 09 April

    thank you

  • Donnie Thomas
    Posted at 18:15h, 09 April

    Thank you

  • Mable Freeman
    Posted at 18:12h, 09 April


    Posted at 18:02h, 09 April

    Good info

  • Ramiro Samayoa
    Posted at 17:58h, 09 April

    Good article

  • Anthony Carl hudson
    Posted at 17:45h, 09 April

    Always good to know about cancers
    That I never want to have.

  • Brooke R
    Posted at 17:29h, 09 April

    Thank you

  • Jim Vogel
    Posted at 17:28h, 09 April

    Always good to know the symptoms common to thus type of cancer. Self examination and awareness is always the first line of defense. Also good to know that the survival rate is extremely high.

  • Lauren Bako
    Posted at 17:18h, 09 April

    Thank you.

  • Jackie
    Posted at 17:12h, 09 April

    Very informative

  • Charles Higgins
    Posted at 17:04h, 09 April

    I have a member of my family that has cancer so this was very helpful

  • Donna Taliaferro
    Posted at 17:01h, 09 April

    Information is good

  • Rachelle Gizinski
    Posted at 16:58h, 09 April

    Thank You for the information

  • Jennifer Heim
    Posted at 16:45h, 09 April

    Good to Know!

  • Ben H Poitevint
    Posted at 16:43h, 09 April


  • Scott
    Posted at 16:39h, 09 April

    Solid info

  • Kalor Riley
    Posted at 16:36h, 09 April

    Wow!! Good information

  • Bernadette Kniffin
    Posted at 16:34h, 09 April

    Very interesting facts♡

  • Gary Burke
    Posted at 16:33h, 09 April


  • Artavius Harden
    Posted at 16:27h, 09 April

    Great information.

  • Luann
    Posted at 16:25h, 09 April


  • Harold Little
    Posted at 16:23h, 09 April

    This post is very close to me. In September of 2005, I dealt with testicular cancer. Fortunately, because of performing self exams, it was caught very early and I was able to beat it. I have since been an advocate for men in the most commonly afflicated age group to perform the exams. I still conduct the exams and have even started sharing the information with my son.

  • Tracy Hedl
    Posted at 16:18h, 09 April


  • APC
    Posted at 16:02h, 09 April

    Interesting article, however, no mention of steps for prevention….

  • Dustin Walker
    Posted at 16:02h, 09 April


  • Luc Cleyman
    Posted at 15:57h, 09 April

    Thank you for this post. It is important to get checked regularly.

  • Candice Thomas
    Posted at 15:56h, 09 April

    Thank you for this information!

  • Joseph Christ
    Posted at 15:50h, 09 April


  • Sherri Moscrop
    Posted at 15:50h, 09 April

    Good info

  • Rickey Harris
    Posted at 15:48h, 09 April

    Thanks,all of this information has been very helpful to me.

  • Gil
    Posted at 15:46h, 09 April

    A very informing piece of information. Thank you.

  • Dani Kelley
    Posted at 15:44h, 09 April

    Thanks for the information.

  • Sandra Vicks
    Posted at 15:44h, 09 April

    Have to visit your doctor on a regular basis.
    And learn your family history.

  • Debbie Jordan
    Posted at 15:41h, 09 April

    Thank you

  • Serena Phillips
    Posted at 15:41h, 09 April

    Interesting read

  • John w
    Posted at 15:40h, 09 April

    I love these articles….Very informative

  • Laurie Lierman
    Posted at 15:39h, 09 April

    Good article on a not so popular topic.

  • Rohan sajood ahmed
    Posted at 15:36h, 09 April

    Good info

  • Angela Lloyd
    Posted at 15:32h, 09 April

    Thank you!

  • Kim Hetrick
    Posted at 15:28h, 09 April

    Thanks for the info.

  • Samantha Rowell
    Posted at 15:25h, 09 April

    Thanks for the informative artivlcle. This runs in my family, and this has been a major concern for me when I have children. If on down the line my son can catch it early that’d be bestm

  • Marla Cantway
    Posted at 15:24h, 09 April

    Great article

  • Michael Tod jones
    Posted at 15:23h, 09 April

    Thank you

    Posted at 15:23h, 09 April

    Informative. Thank you

    Posted at 15:18h, 09 April

    Thanks for sharing. Are there things one can do to avoid this testicular cancer?

  • Brandy Chandler
    Posted at 15:18h, 09 April

    Thank You for the informative article

  • Roger Moore
    Posted at 15:17h, 09 April

    Very pro active could help alot.

  • Hunter G
    Posted at 15:13h, 09 April

    Great Information. Thank you!

  • Lawrence Michael Garcia
    Posted at 15:11h, 09 April

    Thank you for this information. Good read

  • Tiffany Cell
    Posted at 15:06h, 09 April

    Thanks for the info.

  • Patricia Corbin
    Posted at 15:05h, 09 April

    Good information

  • Erin Colley
    Posted at 15:01h, 09 April

    Thank you!

  • Lula M Scott
    Posted at 15:01h, 09 April

    Thank you for this information. I can pass it along to my family. We have lost a lot of family members to different forms of cancer. And have been blessed to have some survived.

  • Brenda L Nicholson
    Posted at 15:01h, 09 April

    Thank you for sharing all information might be helpful down the road never know when i might run into situation where i might be able to share valuable information

  • Heather Hamilton
    Posted at 14:59h, 09 April

    Thanks for the info

  • Brett Shortell
    Posted at 14:58h, 09 April

    Great information

  • Steven Mendoza
    Posted at 14:57h, 09 April

    Thank you!

  • Lisa Bennett
    Posted at 14:55h, 09 April


  • John w
    Posted at 14:47h, 09 April

    Theses articles are very informative

  • Shannon Purdy
    Posted at 14:45h, 09 April

    Thank you this info, I appreciate the information you share. It is always useful

  • Spiridwnas kouvaras
    Posted at 14:41h, 09 April


    Thank you for the information!
    A few questions:
    1) Does any of the treatment methods result in sterility? Beside the removal option, which is self explanatory..
    2) How does the undescendant testicle increase chances of getting testicular cancer?
    3) Family history of the disease. Does that include testicular cancer specifically or is it more general?

    Thank you,

  • Nestor Konditamde
    Posted at 14:40h, 09 April

    Thanks for the info. Good to know

  • Gisell Diaz-Alita
    Posted at 14:39h, 09 April

    Cancer is no joke K have lost so many loved ones because of this… thanks for the info!

  • Glenn
    Posted at 14:37h, 09 April


  • Hind
    Posted at 14:37h, 09 April

    Good info

  • Jeff Chadwick
    Posted at 14:34h, 09 April

    Super important to check.

    Posted at 14:32h, 09 April


  • Aaryn Crosby
    Posted at 14:28h, 09 April